Skip to main content
Go to accessibility notice


    Albert Einstein Autograph Manuscript Field Equations (unsigned) regarding "the new theory scalar conservation law". 2 full pages of a single sheet, 8.75" x 10.9", undated, with scattered handwritten notes by Einstein, in German. Highly probable to be related to Einstein's studies in his "Unified Field Theory". Within the document, Einstein has notated beside respective equations, " a progression of the field equation", "Divergence equation" and "General divergence theorem". Adjacent to another equation, Einstein has written, "When gik, k is selected as coordinate condition, the g can be adjugated as g = constant. In the new theory scalar conservation law" ("Skalarer Erhaltungssatz").

    Following up on the successes of special relativity, Einstein spent a decade on finding a generalization of special relativity which incorporated Newton's laws of gravity. In 1915 this work led to the formulation of the famous theory of general relativity. This breakthrough made "unification" one of the recurring themes in Einstein's works. In 1952 he noted that "the generalization of the theory of gravitation has occupied me unceasingly since 1916." The key idea in this research program, which is still pursued by theoretical physicists today, is the description of fundamental forces and elementary particles to be written in terms of a single field.

    In this framework, Einstein devoted a considerable effort to the development of a unified field theory, with the goal of unifying Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism and general relativity in a rather elegant geometrical way. In this endeavor Einstein soon realized that compatibility of the field equations central requirement for the mathematical consistency of his idea. An extraordinary document revealing Einstein's use of mathematics - the language of physics - to unlock the unsolved mysteries of the universe. A letter of authenticity from Beckett Authentication Services is included with the lot.

    Condition: Expected folds with staple holes at top and scattered stains; one staple still present which is lightly rusted.

    Auction Info

    Proxy Bidding Ends
    19th Wednesday 10:50 am CT
    Auction Dates
    19th Wednesday
    Proxy Bidding Time Remaining
    6 Days 19h 9m 57s
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 7
    Lot Tracking Activity: 53
    Page Views: 985

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    25% on the first $300,000 (minimum $49), plus 20% of any amount between $300,000 and $3,000,000, plus 12.5% of any amount over $3,000,000 per lot.

    This lot is in: 1 - Signature® Floor Session (Live Floor, Live Phone, Mail, Fax, Internet, and Heritage Live):
    (Lots 47001-47370) - 11:00 AM Central Time, Wednesday, May 19, 2021.
    (Proxy bidding ends ten minutes prior to the session start time. Live Proxy bidding on Heritage Live starts 7 days before the live session begins and continues through the session.)

    Show All Session Information

    Show Auction Type Info

    Exhibition Viewing Times, Title Page, Floor Session and License Information

    Additional Location Info:
    Heritage Auctions
    2801 W. Airport Freeway
    Dallas, TX 75261

    Current Bid:
    Bid Protection
    w/ Buyer's Premium (BP) : $16,250.00 Minimum Next Bid: $13,500 ($16,875.00 w/ BP)
    Track Item