DescriptionShell Jacket Identified to South Carolina Confederate Soldier Patrick Farrell.
Jacket is hand-sewn and made of coarse slate-blue wool. The lining is coarsely woven linen. There are five "CSA" general service coat buttons, made in England for export to the Confederate States by Smith, Kemp & Wright, each backmarked "Superior Quality". Listed as Tice CSG-203A3. There is red piping to the edges of the body of the jacket as well as the collar. The inside has a large pocket with the name of the owner "P. Farrell" neatly stitched on. The name appears a second time just below the collar, on the lining.
Condition: Scattered mothing. 5" vertical tear in the lining with period repair. Slight unraveling to the stitching on the top of each sleeve. Loss to some of the piping, as shown. Shows good honest use.
History: Patrick William Farrell was born in Clonmel, County Tipperary, Ireland on March 13, 1841. His family emigrated to Wappinger Falls, New York in 1850. That same year, young Patrick went to Charleston, South Carolina for schooling under the tutelage of an uncle. He went back to New York in 1854 but, having formed an attachment, returned to Charleston in 1860. He joined Captain Chichester's Company of Zouave Cadets that year. He was present at the commencement of hostilities in Charleston Harbor [Fort Sumter] in April 1861, serving as a gunner. In March 1861, he joined Walter's Battery of Light Artillery ("Washington Artillery"). He served for the entire duration of the war, missing only ten days. He rose to the rank of Major, finishing under the command of General Joseph E. Johnston. He was present at the surrender at Greensboro, North Carolina on April 26, 1865. In later years, Farrell claimed he heard the first and last shots of the war. Beside Fort Sumter, his unit fought at the Battle of Bentonville on March 19, 1865. His brother John served in the Union army. After the war, he settled in Blackville, South Carolina where he was a merchant and highly successful planter. He died in 1906. This jacket and the Facsimile Printing of the South Carolina Ordinance of Secession [Lot 40041] were consigned by a direct descendant of Major Farrell.
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